1）Many of us invest valuable time, energy and money planning our vacations. We do this because we know for sure that going on vacations must be good for us. Research proves this feeling without a doubt. Vacations help us perform better at work, improve our sleep quality and cushion us against depression.
Yet, despite these benefits, many of us return home with a feeling that our last vacation was OK — but not great. In order to change this, some mistakes should be avoided. A classic one for vacation planners is attempting to maximize value for money by planning trips that have too many components （组成部分）. Perhaps you're planning a trip to Europe, seven cities in 10 days, and you realize it will cost only a little more to add two more destinations to the list. Sounds fine in theory, but hopping from one place to the next hardly gives an opportunity to experience what psychologists call mindfulness — time to take in our new surroundings, time to be present and absorb our travel experiences. Another mistake is that we worry too much about strategic issues such as how to find a good flight deal, how to get from A to B, or which destinations to add or subtract from our journey. These issues may seem important, but our psychological state of mind is far more important.
Actually, vacation happiness is based on the following top rules. First, choose your travel companions wisely, because nothing contributes more significantly to a trip than the right companions. Second, don't spend your vacation time in a place where everything is too expensive so as to maintain a positive mood. Third, shop wisely, for meaningful experiences provide more long-term happiness than physical possessions. 材料：2014年湖南省高考英语卷
Research proves that vacations benefit everyone, but many people come back from vacations not feeling very great. To make our vacations happy, we should avoid two mistakes -- trying to achieve the fullest value for what we invest into vacations and worrying too much about vacation arrangements. Besides, we should follow some rules such as choosing the right companions and destinations and being wise in doing shopping.
During the Renaissance, new ideas and values gradually replaced those held in the Middle Ages. People began to concentrate less on religious themes and adopt a more humanistic attitude to life. At the same time painters returned to classical Roman and Greek ideas about art. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were. Rich people wanted to possess their own paintings, so they could decorate their superb palaces and great houses. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and possessions, as well as their activities and achievements.
One of the most important discoveries during this period was how to draw things in perspective. This technique was first used by Masaccio in 1428. When people first saw his paintings, they were convinced that they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene. If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, no one would have been able to paint such realistic pictures. By coincidence, oil paints were also developed at this time, which made the colours used in paintings look richer and deeper. Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great masterpieces for which this period is famous.
People had new viewpoints during the Renaissance. People focused more on humanistic themes rather than religious ones. Meanwhile, painters preferred the classical ideas and painted real people and nature.The perspective proposed by Masaccio in 1428 became the typical painting characteristic in that period. With the development of oil paints, people felt like seeing reality through a hole. (58 words)
Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28,1976, some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. but the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.
At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end! Eleven kilometres directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, which is more than two hundred kilometres away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. The suffering of the people was extreme. Two-thirds of them died or were left without parents. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.
But how could the survivors believe it was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city's hospitals,75%of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for travelling. The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens were dead. Sand now filled the wells instead of water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. people began to wonder how long the disaster would last.
All hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to breathe again.
Before the earthquake, there were strange signs but no one paid attention to them. When the earthquake hit the city, it was badly destroyed, which made people shocked. Luckily, after the earthquake, the army came to help the survivors, bringing hope to the city.
Exercise has many benefits, including a lift in energy levels, an increase in self-esteem, and an overall improved sense of physical well-being, However,it is possible to become addicted to exercise. While an addiction to exercise is fairly rare and not as dangerous as an addiction to heroin( 海洛因), cocaine, or other illegal drugs, it's still a problem that must be dealt with in a timely fashion.
Exercise addiction is a compulsive disorder in which a person feels the uncontrollable need to exercise excessively(过度). If you plan your entire day around your visits to the gym,you may be addicted to exercise. Then you will spend less time in occupational situations. If the people around you are saying they feel like your workout routine is always your top priority,you may be addicted to exercise.If you are missing your child’s dance recital（独奏会） and canceling plans with your friends to go running,you may be addicted to exercise. It's fine to enjoy exercise, but not to the degree that you're ignoring other things of your life. Balance is the key to determining whether or not a behavior is a healthy habit
Another potential way to tell if you have a problem with excessive exercising is how you feel when you skip a workout. Do you feel bad-tempered and anxious?Do you try to punish yourself for a missed workout by pushing even harder when you return to the gym? If you have trouble allowing yourself to miss even one day of exercise, you may have a problem.
The cause of an exercise addiction is different. As you might expect, some people exercise excessively because they are trying to get in shape.Young women, for example, often develop extreme exercise habits in an attempt to further speed up their weight loss. Others, however, simply enjoy the “runner’s high" that occurs after an intense workout. If you think you may be addicted to exercise, you can speak to your healthcare provider.
Although exercise offers many benefits,it can make people addicted.(要点1)If exercise negatively affects your job,relationships,or other important daily activities,you may have the addiction.（要点2）Meanwhile,if you feel bad when you skip a workout,you are most likely addicted to exercise.(要点3)People have this problem usually because of the desire for losing weight or seeking a thrill.(要点4)
5） Music Education Deserves More Attention
When students and parents are asked to rate(把...分等级）subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important. Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment, but certainly not an education priority (优先权）. This view is shortsighted．In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students．
Music tells us who we are. Because music is an expression of the beings who create it, it reflects their thinking and values, as well as the social environment it came from. Rock music represents a lifestyle just as surely as does a Schubert song. The jazz influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions．Music expresses our character and values．It gives us identity as a society．
Music provides a kind of perception(感知)that cannot be acquired any other way. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets．The arts explore the emotive（情感的）meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all．
The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols．They are ways we human beings "talk" to each other．They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities, our hungers, our discoveries, our hopes．The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses．
Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human. The arts do. Music is an important way we express human suffering, celebration, the meaning and value of peace and love．
So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize．
Some people think little of music education, while actually it is of great benefit and importance. Because music reflects our social characteristics. Additionally, it offers a sense of the world in a different way. Furthermore, music, which is an influential way of thinking in communication, informs people of the meaning of being human. Therefore, music is much more important than people think. (66 words) --厉老师
With the help of data one can easily know the price of a can of Coke in a supermarket, the speed at which a car is running, the result of a football match or the temperature of a certain day. Obviously, data can make our life easier and more comfortable. What is more important, data seems to be fairer than words or statements. Therefore, many people would rather believe data than trust a man.
On the other hand, if people judge things only by data from so-called specific research, aren’t they a little too narrow-minded? The fast pace of modern life and the experience of being cheated make these people forget something important about data.
More often than not, data is just part of the truth. For example, how can you tell that somebody isn’t a good student just because she or he doesn’t get high marks in the final examinations? And how can you refuse to accept that he poetry of William Yeats is really wonderful even though books about his poetry are never best-sellers?
There is no doubt that analyzing the exact data is important to the assessment of an actual event. But the data people get are not always correct. Incorrect data may cause people to make a wrong judgment. Therefore, data does not mean much to people if they do not have the abilities to analyze the data with the knowledge and confidence to judge whether it is true or false.
One more thing, it is impossible for people to measure all the things in life by data. For example, the degree of your feeling happy in your life, the depth of love between you and your friends, and the faith you have in your country. People can only feel them in their hearts but can never express them in data.
Data is data after all. Just remember the world is far more wonderful than the pale data can describe.
Data brings ease and comfort to one's life and seems reliable, so many people only trust data while judging things. However, if people rely too much on data, they become narrow-minded. Firstly, data is not the whole truth. Besides, wrong data may prevent them from making a good judgment. Lastly, many things in life like emotions can never be measured by data. All in all data is not enough to describe the wonderful world.